For a child, the current scenario regarding child health in developing countries around the world is not pleasant. Data shows, that every second a child in a developing country suffers from malnutrition, and roughly 60,000 children born with HIV yearly. In some countries, even basic health care facility and health assurance appear to be a dream for the greater part of the population. It has been observed that children belonging to under the age of five face multiple obstacles, such as birth injuries, infectious diseases, malnutrition, home environment that lack intellectual stimulation, and an environment with polluted water and air. Neonatal mortality has endured, and currently 4 million deaths happen throughout the first month of birth.
The health of the child depends entirely on the health of their mother at the time of their pregnancy. Nutrition intake during pregnancy, birth environment, and the overall health status of the mother affects the health of the child before, during and after birth. Because of such facts, estimated 3 million infants still born annually. Although, mortality rates either stays constant or escalate across no less than 17 developing countries. Africa and Asia had seen some improvement over lowering child deaths, but there are still other countries that have not done anything about the problem.
About 3.6 million newborns die in the first month of birth throughout the neonatal period. The number of newborn deaths is more or less equivalent to the number of children born every year in the U.S. or most of the developed countries of Europe. Neonatal deaths in developing countries cover around 41% of all child deaths around the world, among which over half of neonatal deaths happen in countries like China, Pakistan, Nigeria, Bangladesh and India. Primary reason at the back of these deaths is pneumonia, tetanus, malaria, measles, HIV/AIDS, diarrhea, birth asphyxia, prematurity and low birth weight, congenital conditions and malnutrition. Reports illustrate that 16% of children born with a low birth weight yearly. One in four of 600 million children in the world that belongs to the underage children have five out of ten risk of death, which lives in a developing country, which is 20 times greater than in the U.S. In addition, millions of children suffer from diseases because of weakness, malnutrition and injuries, influencing their well-being and options in life, like education and future economic prospects.
Around 6 million child deaths can be avoided yearly, if inexpensive health interventions can be provided by the government to the needy mothers and children. Healthy and well-educated children have a say to the society, its economic growth and civil strength of a nation. It is necessary so that they could provide every child with an environment and health care facility that would secure a better future for children and society at large.