A major medical trial is going to prove whether stems cells can treat multiple sclerosis (MS).
Doctors are hoping that the trial will result to slowing, halting and even undoing the damage that MS has done on the body.
The trial, which includes around 150 patients across Europe, scheduled to proceed before 2012.
Dr Paolo Muraro from Imperial College London claims that there is very strong evidence that, stem cells might be the best treatment that doctors can use to fight MS.
Researchers are going to collect stem cells from the patients’ bone marrow, cultivate them in the laboratory and then re-introduce them into their patients’ body.
The stem cells are going to make its way to the brain where it expected to repair the damage cells triggered by MS.
Part of the fund for the research comes from the UK’s MS Society as they’re concerned about the availability of proven stem cell treatments.
Over the years, a person who has MS has been seeking treatment from outside the country. The treatment was too long, and the fee is too high.
However, there is no such guarantee that anyone could find a proven stem cell therapy for MS on any part of the world.
The MS Society is hoping that the new trials are going to lead them to a proven treatment.
In the UK alone, there are an estimated 100, 000 people suffering from multiple sclerosis.
The condition occurs when the immune systems attacks the substance myelin, which can be seen in the brain and nerve cells.
As the myelin gets damage, it interrupts the messages from the brain to the body eventually leading to numerous symptoms such as sight loss, bladder and irregular bowel movement, muscle stiffness as well as physical disability.
Drugs are there to improve the condition, but they could not stop the progression of the condition.
There are experiments done in test tubes suggesting that stem cells, coming from bone marrow offer a better treatment.
The role of the stem cells is to protect the cells creating blood. However, they also seem to protect myelin from attacks by the immune system.
Dr Doug Brown, of the MS Society, says the experiments have proven that stem cells hold the answer to cure Multiple Sclerosis, but it needs more testing in large scale clinical trials.
The clinical trial may go as long as five years.
According to Richard Sykes, chair of the UK Stem Cell Foundation, Dr Muraro’s research was the first one that is going to take place in the UK.