Talking may help in treating OCD

Adding talk therapy now proven as a big help for people for kids or teenagers with the obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Medicines such as fluoxetine (Prozac) or sertraline (Zoloft) are regularly the first-line treatment for kids who suffers from OCD.

Head of the Child OCD, Anxiety and Tic Disorders Program at the Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior at the University of California, Los Angeles, John Piacentini says most kids under medication still shows symptoms.

Under the new finding, any treatment that people have tried should make a big difference.

There researchers assessed that there are one in every 100 kids, who has OCD. Most of the time, the symptoms show up as repetitive hand-washing until hands are raw and chapped or those people, who are checking their homework many times, as claimed by the lead study author Martin Franklin, from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine in Philadelphia.

Although, many kids and a few adults have uncontrolled obsession towards something.  Franklin says that OCD defined as when kids feel as they have to do those behaviors, so that they could calm themselves — the compulsive part.

Franklin said that for a lot of the youngsters, who are under medication, but did not get the result that they wanted.  Doctors often try to add a second drug or switch to a new drug. However, because of worries about possible side effects, his team  interested in whether   talk therapy called cognitive, behavioral therapy (CBT) could help those kids.

In CBT, therapists assist patients to recognize and change their unhealthy habit that affects their behavior.

There are 124 kids aged even to 17 with OCD, who participated in the new study.  All of the participating kids are taking some form of drugs for OCD some of them have been under medication for one year, but still shows some signs of OCD.

In the course of the study, the kids stayed with their current medication. The kids got separated into three groups: one that did not get any additional treatment, one that had hour-long CBT sessions about once a week and a third that talked with doctors briefly about CBT during their usual medication check-ins.

Following the three months study, kids who are under the full CBT therapy — and does not talk about it — were better off, on average, compared to the other participants. 70 percent of the participants got an improvement in their OCD symptoms, compared to 35 percent who had gotten fast commands about doing CBT and 30 percent of kids who does not have additional treatment.